Scharnhorst & Gneisenau

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General Details
Name of the ship Scharnhorst Gneisenau
Builder Marinewerft, Wilhelmshaven (from 1935 the Kriegsmarine Werft, Wilhelmshaven) Deutsche Werke, Kiel
Builder's number 125 235
Contract placed 25. January 1934 25. January 1934
Laid down First time 14. February 1934 14. February 1934
Construction stopped 5. July 1934 5. July 1934
Second time 15. June 1935 6. May 1935
Launched 3. October 1936 8. December 1936
Commissioned 7. January 1939 21. May 1938
Reconstruction Conversion begun in March 1942.
Disposition Sunk in the Battle of the North Cape, 26. December 1943, at 72°16´ North and 28°41´ East. 1.932 men lost, 36 survivors (36 captured). Conversion halted in 1943 and sunk as a block ship in the Gotenhafen (Gdynia) harbour on 28. March 1945. Raised by Polish salvage firm and scrapped 1947-51.
Displacement
Measurement (net registered tons) 19.401 nrt 19.401 nrt
Displacement official 26.000 tonnes 26.000 tonnes
planned 26.000 tonnes 26.000 tonnes
Actual displacement:
-Standard (1935) 31.552 tonnes 31.552 tonnes
-Operational (1935) 37.822 tonnes 37.902 tonnes
-Full load (1935) 37.224 tonnes 37.902 tonnes
-Full load (1943) 38.092 tonnes 37.303 tonnes
-Standard (1943) 31.847 tonnes
-War overload (1943) 39.017 tonnes
Dimensions and Construction Details
Length Overall (original) 229,8 m 229,8 m
Length Overall (after installation of clipper stem 1939) 235,4 m 235,4 m
Length, cwl (construction waterline) 226 m 226 m
Beam, cwl (construction waterline) 30 m 30 m
Designed draught 8,69 m 8,69 m
Maximum draught 9,93 m
(at 38.713 tonnes)
9,91 m
(at 37.902 tonnes)
Height of side (measured from keel top edge to upper deck) 14,05 m 14,05 m
Freeboard, amidships 4,8 m 4,8 m
Freeboard, forward 8,3 m 8,3 m
Building steel ST 52 ST 52
Watertight compartments XXI XXI
Immersion per cm + 55,1 tonnes + 55,1 tonnes
Double bottom in relation to total length 79% 79%
Propulsion
Boilers 12 Wagner three drum type 12 Wagner three drum type
Temperature 450º C 450º C
Turbines Brown-Boveri geared turbines

Deschimag geared turbines

Machinery output designed 125.000 shp 125.000 shp
Speed 31 knots 31 knots
Machinery output maximum 160.050 shp 154.000 shp
Speed 31,65 knots 30,7 knots
Range designed 8.200 nm at 19 knots 8.200 nm at 19 knots
actual 7.100 nm at 19 knots 6.200 nm at 19 knots
Bunkers 6.200 tonnes 6.200 tonnes
Propulsion gear
(all mounted aft)
Shafts 3 3
Propellers 3 (three bladed, diameter 4,45 m) 3 (three bladed, diameter 4,45 m)
Rudders 2 (paired) 2 (paired)
Armour
Side 320 mm (12,59") over 70% tapering to 170 mm (6,69") at bottom 320 mm (12,59") over 70% tapering to 170 mm (6,69") at bottom
Deck 48,3 mm (1,9") main deck
150 mm (5,9") third armoured deck
48,3 mm (1,9") main deck
150 mm (5,9") third armoured deck
Forward transverse bulkhead 150 mm (5,9") 150 mm (5,9")
Turrets 358 mm 14,1" face
190,5 mm (7,5") sides
358 mm 14,1" face
190,5 mm (7,5") sides
Barbettes 350 mm (13,8") 350 mm (13,8")
Conning tower 218 mm (8,6") sides 218 mm (8,6") sides
Armament
Main armament 9 x 283 mm (11,1") 9 x 283 mm (11,1")
Secondary armament 12 x 150 mm (5,9") 12 x 150 mm (5,9")
Heavy flak 14 x 105 mm (4,1") 14 x 105 mm (4,1")
Light flak 16 x 37 mm 16 x 37 mm
Flak - Machine Gun 10 x 20 mm 10 x 20 mm
Torpedo battery Two tripple sets each of 533 mm (21") torpedo tubes. Originated from the light cruiser Nürnberg. Two tripple sets each of 533 mm (21") torpedo tubes. Originated from the light cruiser Leipzig.
Aircraft
Catapult 1 (originally 2, but one was removed in 1940) 1 (originally 2, but one was removed in 1940)
Aircraft 3 x Arado Ar196A-3
Previously Heinkel He114 had been tried.
3 x Arado Ar196A-3
Previously Focke-Wulf Fw62 and Arado Ar96 had been tried.
Fire Direction
10,5 m Rangefinder 6 (1940)
5 (1941)
6 (1940)
5 (1941)
6,5 m Rangefinder 1 1
4 m Rangefinder 4 4
3,7 cm flak Rangefinder on gun Rangefinder on gun
2 cm flak Rangefinder on gun Rangefinder on gun
Radar Equipment
FuMO 22 1 (later replaced by FuMO 27) 1 (replaced by FuMO 27 in 1941)
FuMO 27 2 (1942) 2 (1942)
FuMB 1 1 0
FuMB 4 SAMOS 1 0
FuMB 7 1 1
FuMB 3 1 1
Equipment
Searchlights, triaxially stabilised and directed centrally 5 5
Cranes 4 5 (one later removed)
Ship's boats Three picket boats, two motor yawls, five cutters, one motor pinnace and one motor launch Three picket boats, two motor yawls, five cutters, one motor pinnace and one motor launch
Anchors 2 bow, 1 stern (originally 3 bow anchors, but one was removed after the sea trials) 2 bow, 1 stern (originally 3 bow anchors, but one was removed after the sea trials)
Complement
Ship's company 60 officers, 1.908 men (1943) 56 officers, 1.613 men (1939)


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